This week, the High Court handed down its judgement in the Thaler case, considering whether an AI can be considered as an inventor. This is something that Dr Thaler - the owner of the AI - has been tenaciously testing in several jurisdictions, including the US and Europe. (This story has been going for well over a year).
The answer here, as it has been elsewhere, continues to be clear-cut no. An AI, cannot be considered to be "an inventor" under the current patent laws in force around the world.
But these cases aren't about the answer. They are about the debate.
The law, as it is currently, is not equipped to cater for the changes in technology since it was drafted. This case shines yet another spotlight on this fact.
I suspect that Dr Thaler already knew this - and the likely outcome - when he submitted the patent applications, naming DABUS (the AI) as the inventor. And it is clear from the UK judgement that The Honourable Mr Justice Marcus Smith that he recognises this too. One of his comments was:
(46) I should stress that nothing in this analysis should be taken to suggest that DABUS is not itself capable of an inventive concept. As I have noted, I am proceeding on the basis that DABUS has "invented" the inventions the subject of the Applications. Nevertheless, I conclude that DABUS is not, and cannot be, an inventor within the meaning of the 1977 Act, simply because DABUS is not a person
The real question is, if the law should be changed, how should it be changed? This is not a trivial question to answer, and it raises many philosophical dilemmas.
For example, if the law is not changed:
- is it moral for a person to take credit for the ideas generated wholly by an AI?
- can a person be stripped of their intellectual property rights if it transpires that an AI originated them?
- should a person be punished for fraud if they knowingly take credit for the invention made by an AI?
- a company can own a patent if it employs a human inventor. Therefore, why can't the same apply to a company employing an AI to invent?
On the other hand, if the law is changed to allow machine inventors:
- Does the invention automatically belong to the owner of the AI? If so, what happens if that AI does not have an owner, or is open-source?
- If the AI is trained to become better at inventing by someone other than the original owner, does the invention belong to the original owner, or the trainer?
- If you are licencing the use of an AI, can the terms of that licence restrict you from owning any intellectual property generated by the AI?
- What if the AI argues for its own ownership of the ideas it creates?
Clearly, there are more that just these issues that will need to be carefully considered in the advancement of laws that, so far, have remained relatively unchanged for decades.
The debate continues.
Link to related article: https://www.lawgazette.co.uk/news/high-court-dismisses-robot-inventor-appeal-/5105721.article